The Crawling Peg: A Boon or Bane for Bangladeshi Exporters?

May International

July 04, 2024, 12:54 pm

The Crawling Peg: A Boon or Bane for Bangladeshi Exporters?

Charting the course through currency fluctuations: Is the new crawling peg system a lifeline for Bangladeshi exporters or an anchor weighing them down? Dive into our latest insights!

The introduction of the crawling peg system by the Bangladesh Bank has sparked considerable debate among economists, policymakers, and business communities. This currency management system, which allows for gradual adjustments of the Bangladeshi Taka (BDT) value, is intended to stabilize the exchange rate and enhance economic resilience. But what does this mean for Bangladeshi exporters? Is it a boon or a bane?

Understanding the Crawling Peg System

The crawling peg system involves setting a band within which the exchange rate can fluctuate. The central bank periodically adjusts this band based on economic indicators such as inflation, foreign exchange reserves, and global market conditions. This approach aims to provide a balance between a fixed and a flexible exchange rate regime, offering stability while allowing for necessary adjustments.

Potential Benefits for Exporters

  1. Exchange Rate Stability: One of the primary benefits of the crawling peg system is the reduction in exchange rate volatility. Exporters can plan their business activities with greater confidence, knowing that sudden and extreme fluctuations in the exchange rate are less likely. This stability can help with pricing strategies and long-term contracts.
  2. Enhanced Competitiveness: By allowing the BDT to adjust gradually, the central bank can prevent the currency from becoming overvalued. An overvalued currency makes exports more expensive on the global market, reducing their competitiveness. The crawling peg system can help maintain an exchange rate that reflects the true market value, making Bangladeshi goods more attractive to foreign buyers.
  3. Inflation Control: Stable exchange rates can help control import-induced inflation. Since many raw materials and inputs for export-oriented industries are imported, a stable exchange rate ensures that costs remain predictable, helping exporters manage their production expenses better.

Potential Drawbacks for Exporters

  1. Limited Flexibility: While the crawling peg offers more stability than a free-floating system, it also limits the central bank’s ability to respond swiftly to unexpected economic shocks. This can be a disadvantage in rapidly changing global markets where quick adjustments might be necessary.
  2. Dependence on Central Bank Policy: The effectiveness of the crawling peg system heavily depends on the central bank’s ability to make accurate and timely adjustments. Any delays or misjudgments in policy adjustments can lead to misalignment with market conditions, potentially harming export competitiveness.
  3. Adjustment Periods: Exporters might face challenges during the periods of adjustment when the exchange rate band is modified. These periods can create short-term uncertainty, requiring businesses to be agile in their financial planning.

Mixed Reactions from the Business Community

Local media and business forums have shown mixed reactions to the introduction of the crawling peg system. According to The Daily Star, many exporters welcome the stability it promises, citing the benefits of predictable exchange rates for long-term planning. However, some experts quoted in Prothom Alo express concerns about the central bank's delay in adjustments but at the same time reflected optimism for the future.


The crawling peg system introduced by the Bangladesh Bank presents both opportunities and challenges for Bangladeshi exporters. While it promises greater stability and enhanced competitiveness, it also requires careful and adept management by the central bank. Exporters must remain vigilant and adaptable, leveraging the benefits while mitigating the risks associated with this currency management approach.

As we continue to observe the impacts of this policy, it is crucial for stakeholders to stay informed and engage in dialogue to ensure that the crawling peg system effectively supports the growth and sustainability of Bangladesh’s export sector.